How to Write a Haiku

pen and paper

If you want to learn how to write a haiku, first read all the rules of the form. That's a good beginning. Then you have to get to work and start to write one on your own.

How to Write a Haiku: Step One

Define your topic. If you review the rules of haiku, you will see that you are to be very specific and write about only one thought, idea or thing. After all, you are limited to only seventeen syllables. You have to pack a lot into them as it is, with only one topic. The task would be much harder with more than one thing to say.

Here is an example lifted straight out of my journal. As I sat on the couch in my husband's new office (okay, "man-cave"), my view was of his naked new desk. He spends more time with the flat screen TV than with his desk, so the desk is barren of any signs of life. So this desk became my topic.

How to Write a Haiku: Step Two

Jot down some ideas and thoughts that you might have about your chosen topic. Words that came to mind for me were: barren, sterile, empty drawers, well-dusted, uncluttered. Make a list of some basic thoughts and observations about your chosen topic.

How to Write a Haiku: Step Three

Start pulling out your favorite words and string them together. In my case, I then wrote a regular prose- or free-verse poem. This is NOT a necessary step, but I will share this poem with you nonetheless. If you like, read is as a list of images about this desk.

The uncluttered desk
vast expanse of well-dusted brown
with red-velvet chair
a monument
a statuary with empty drawers
a display of suburban largess
a front with no back
a shell with no scallop
its pristine beauty
will find its demise
when work moves in
with the clutter
of papers, files and books
a fingered picture frame, perhaps
an ink-spattered blotter
and then
only then
will it have life.

How to Write a Haiku: Step Four

Start to put the actual poem together, counting syllables as you form each line. Try, if you can, to make the last line a "gasp," or a revelation of some kind.

man-cave desk

My husband's desk is
a three-D blank white canvas
waiting to be art.

(Please take note of the comfy slippers I wore while taking the photo.)

How to Write Haiku: Step Five

Put your poem aside for an hour, a day, whatever you can spare, and come back to it. See if it sounds good to your ear. See if it "feels" right. Count the syllables. Check and double check. Did you repeat any words? Does the poem have a "gasp" or a "punch" at the end? Is your haiku  written in the present tense? (Once again, review all the haiku rules .)

Congratulations! You've written a haiku!

Once you feel your poem is tight and clean, and follows all the rules, it's time to share with the world. Read it to friends, to family, collect your haiku in a book of your own. Post it online if you're so inclined. But most of all, get back to work and write some more! Haiku poems make the world a better place. We need all we can get.

Click here for more haiku examples.

Or go directly to

Haiku Rules

Funny Haiku

Or return to
from How to Write a Haiku

A Little Bit of Nonsense by Denise Rodgers on
Classroom Poem News on Girl in envelope.


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